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Any “select” descendant of a “label” element with a “for” attribute must have an ID value that matches that “for” attribute.

When nesting a select element inside a label that has a for attribute, the id attribute of the select is required to match it.

The label element represents a caption in a user interface. The caption can be associated with a specific form control, known as the label element’s labeled control, either using the for attribute, or by putting the form control inside the label element itself.

When the select is inside the label, there’s no need to specify a for attribute as there can only be one select, as in this example:

<label>
  Age
  <select>
    <option>young</option>
    <option>old</option>
  </select>
</label>

However, if the for attribute is specified, then it must match the id of the select like this:

<label for="age">
  Age
  <select id="age">
    <option>young</option>
    <option>old</option>
  </select>
</label>

Learn more:

HTML Living Standard: the label element HTML Living Standard: the select element

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