HTML Checking for Large Sites
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An element with “role=tab” must be contained in, or owned by, an element with “role=tablist”.
Elements with the role
tab must either be a child of an element with the
tablist role, or have their
id part of the
aria-owns property of a
An element with the tab role controls the visibility of an associated element with the tabpanel role. The common user experience pattern is a group of visual tabs above, or to the side of, a content area, and selecting a different tab changes the content and makes the selected tab more prominent than the other tabs.
<div class="tabs"> <div role="tablist" aria-label="Sample Tabs"> <button role="tab" aria-selected="true" aria-controls="panel-1" id="tab-1" tabindex="0"> First Tab </button> <button role="tab" aria-selected="false" aria-controls="panel-2" id="tab-2" tabindex="-1"> Second Tab </button> </div> <div id="panel-1" role="tabpanel" tabindex="0" aria-labelledby="tab-1"> <p>Content for the first panel</p> </div> <div id="panel-2" role="tabpanel" tabindex="0" aria-labelledby="tab-2" hidden> <p>Content for the second panel</p> </div> </div>
Related W3C validator issues
Example of 2 main elements, where only one is visible:
<main> <h1>Active main element</h1> <!-- content --> </main> <main hidden> <h1>Hidden main element</h1> <!-- content --> </main>
The alert role can be used to tell the user an element has been dynamically updated. Screen readers will instantly start reading out the updated content when the role is added. The element <ul> doesn’t accept this kind of role, consider using other element like <p> or <div>.
The alert role is used to communicate an important and usually time-sensitive message to the user. When this role is added to an element, the browser will send out an accessible alert event to assistive technology products which can then notify the user about it. The alert role is most useful for information that requires the user’s immediate attention.
There’s no role in ARIA named presentational, you probably mean presentation.
The presentation role and its synonym none remove an element’s implicit ARIA semantics from being exposed to the accessibility tree.
The content of the element will still be available to assistive technologies; it is only the semantics of the container — and in some instance, required associated descendants — which will no longer expose their mappings to the accessibility API.
<input> elements can’t have a search role. Instead, try with <input type="search">.
<input> elements of type search are text fields designed for the user to enter search queries into. These are functionally identical to text inputs, but may be styled differently depending on the user agent.
The search role is a landmark. Landmarks can be used by assistive technology to quickly identify and navigate to large sections of the document. The search role is added to the container element that encompasses the items and objects that, as a whole, combine to create search functionality. When a <form> is a search form, use the search role on the form.
Example of a search form:
<form role="search"> <label for="search-input">Search this site</label> <input type="search" id="search-input" name="search"> <input value="Submit" type="submit"> </form>
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An element is using ARIA attributes, but its role has not been defined. ARIA defines semantics that can be applied to elements, with these divided into roles (defining a type of user interface element) and states and properties that are supported by a role. Authors must assign an ARIA role and the appropriate states and properties to an element during its life-cycle, unless the element already has appropriate ARIA semantics (via use of an appropriate HTML element). Examples:
<!-- This div uses ARIA but its role is not clear, so it's invalid. --> <div aria-expanded="true">...</div> <!-- This div defines clearly its role, so it's valid. --> <div role="navigation" aria-expanded="true">...</div> <!-- Nav elements have an implicit navigation role so we don't need the role attribute. --> <nav aria-expanded="true">...</nav>
The article role indicates a section of a page that could easily stand on its own on a page, in a document, or on a website, is implicit when using the <article> tag.
This role indicates a section of a page that could easily stand on its own on a page, in a document, or on a website. It is usually set on related content items such as comments, forum posts, newspaper articles or other items grouped together on one page. It can be added to generic elements like <div> to convey this role, for example:
<div role="article"> <h2>Heading</h2> <p>Content...</p> </div>
Instead of using this role, it’s preferrable to use the native <article> element like this:
<article> <h2>Heading</h2> <p>Content...</p> </article>
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The <header> HTML element represents introductory content, typically a group of introductory or navigational aids, and has an implicit role of banner, so specifying this role is redundant.
The following example represents a banner using the role attribute:
<div role="banner"> <img src="companylogo.svg" alt="my company name" /> <h1>Title</h1> <p>Subtitle</p> </div>
By default, the HTML5 <header> element has an identical meaning to the banner landmark, unless it is a descendant of <aside>, <article>, <main>, <nav>, or <section>, at which point <header> is the heading for that section and not the equivalent of the site-wide banner.
This example uses the <header> element instead of the banner role:
<header> <img src="companylogo.svg" alt="my company name" /> <h1>Title</h1> <p>Subtitle</p> </header>
The button role is used to make an element appear as a button control to a screen reader and can be applied to otherwise non-interactive elements like <div>. If you’re already using a <button> element, then it’s redundant to apply it the role button, as that’s implicit.
<!-- Instead of this --> <button role="button">Buy</button> <!-- Do this --> <button>Buy</button>
The button role is used to make an element appear as a button control to a screen reader and can be applied to otherwise non-interactive elements like <div>. If you’re already using an <input> element whose type is submit, then it’s redundant to apply it the role button, as that’s implicit.
<!-- Instead of this --> <input type="submit" role="button">Buy</button> <!-- Do this --> <input type="submit">Buy</button>
The <summary> HTML element specifies a clickable summary, caption, or legend for a <details> element’s disclosure box. As the <summary> element has an implicit button role, it’s not needed to include it explicitly.
Here’s an example, clicking the <summary> element toggles the state of the parent <details> element open and closed.
<details> <summary>I have keys but no doors. I have space but no room. You can enter but can’t leave. What am I?</summary> A keyboard. </details>
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