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Related W3C validator issues
Read about Normalization in HTML and CSS.
The href attribute of an <a> element contains an invalid character, that should be properly encoded as a URI percent-encoded character.
An illegal character has been found for the “href” attribute on the “link” element.
To fix this issue, find the “link” element in question and make sure that the “href” attribute contains a valid URL without any illegal characters.
Here’s some example HTML code of a link element:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>My Webpage</title> <link rel="stylesheet" href="styles/main.css"> </head> <body> <h1>Welcome to my webpage!</h1> <p>Here is some content...</p> </body> </html>
In the above example, the link element has a valid href attribute value of styles/main.css. Make sure that your href attribute values don’t contain any illegal characters.
The src attribute on an <img> element contains an invalid character, that should be properly encoded as a URI percent-encoded character.
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The accept attribute may be specified to provide browsers with a hint of what file types will be accepted on an <input> element. It expects a comma-separated list of allowed file types. Refer to the list of media types to check the accepted tokens. In this example, the first line is invalid while the second is valid:
<input name='file' type='file' accept='doc, docx, pdf' /> <input name='file' type='file' accept='text/doc, text/docx, application/pdf' />
Hash (#) characters can be used in an href attribute to link to a specific part of a document.
For example, if we have this page with several sections, each of them marked with an ID:
<h1>Frequently Asked Questions</h1> <h2 id="pricing">Pricing</h2> <p>All about pricing...</p> <h2 id="terms">Terms</h2> <p>You can find our terms at...</p> <h2 id="guarantee">Guarantee</h2> <p>We offer a guarantee...</p>
You can link to a specific part of that document, for example if this page URL is /faqs and you want to link to the Guarantee section you could use:
Or, if you’re linking from inside the same document, for example in a table of contents, you could just use:
As there can only be one fragment in an URL, the # character should only be used once. The following would be an invalid href:
If needed, the # could be encoded as %23.
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Space characters are not allowed in href attributes. Instead, they should be converted to %20. In this example, the first line is invalid and the second is valid:
<a href="https://example.com#some term">invalid</a> <a href="https://example.com#some%20term">valid</a>
The href attribute on an <a> tag contains an space, which is not allowed. Consider replacing space characters with “%20”.
An href attribute on an a element contains an invalid URL that has space characters in the domain.
The domain in a URL cannot contain space characters, for example the following are invalid:
<a href="http://my domain.com">link</a> <a href="http://my%20domain.com">link</a>
The src attribute on an element <img> contains a character which is not allowed unless properly encoded.
Special characters needing encoding are: :, /, ?, #, [, ], @, !, $, &, ', (, ), *, +, ,, ;, =, as well as % itself.
For example, this image tag is incorrect because the src attribute contains an the unallowed characters [ and ]:
<img src="image.svg" alt="logo">
Instead, this is the properly percent-encoded src attribute, where [ has been replaced with %5B and ] with %5D.
<img src="image%5B00%5D.svg" alt="logo">
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