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Axe Core Guide

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To express their purpose and meaning to screen reader users, all images must include alternate text.

Even if the image just contains text, screen readers have no way of translating it into words that are read to the user. As a result, photos must have concise, descriptive alt text so that screen reader users grasp the image’s contents and purpose.

If you can’t see, all visual information, such as photographs, is meaningless unless a digital text equivalent is provided so that screen readers may translate that text into either sound or braille. People with limited eyesight or colorblindness experience the same phenomenon to varied degrees.

Screen readers cannot translate an image into speech or braille to make it available by sound or touch if you do not provide a suitable alternative that works for their available sensory modalities, such as making an image accessible by providing a digital text description.

What this Accessibility Rule Checks

Ensures that all <image> elements have alternative text and either role="presentation" or role="none" (ARIA 1.1).

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Related Accessibility Rules